Originally Posted by grtlksmarlin
"what is the difference in Tenkara fishing and fishing with a Cane Pole and a fly?"
There are three main differences between a tenkara rod and your cane pole.
1) A tenkara rod weighs 2-3 ounces and your cane pole probably weighs 8-12 ounces. Most collapse to less than 2' vs a cane pole at 4 or 5'. You can cast it all day without getting tired and carry it in a backpack.
2) A tenkara rod will cast an unweighted fly on a very light line. Certainly 12# test fluorocarbon and many will cast 6# fluoro - no split shot, no bobber, just 12# fluoro for your casting line, 3' of 5X tippet and a fly. The lighter the line, the easier it is to hold off the water's surface (critical on creeks, not so much on lakes).
3. A tenkara rod will protect a very light tippet - people have caught 26" trout with 6X tippet.
Basically, a tenkara rod is a very high tech cane pole specifically designed for fly fishing.
The first tenkara rods, hundreds of years ago, WERE cane poles. They gradually got lighter, stronger and more sensitive as fiberglass and graphite technology was developed.
The difference between a tenkara rod and a bream buster or equivalent is that the bream buster is designed for fishing with a bobber and split shot - and made as cheaply as possible so it can be sold for $20 in WalMart. A tenkara rod is designed for fishing without weight and made with the care and components that go into a quality fishing rod.